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DIY - Tips & tricks about façades

Your new happy home smartens itself up

You can give your new home the right “face” using plaster products and paints. What should your house express? Urban, i.e. rather elegant and austere? Or natural, in the earthy tones reminiscent of the style of Mediterranean architects? Or would you prefer it as full of temperament, radiating happiness? Using modern construction materials, you can smarten up according to your preferences in colours ranging from light, discreet grey to a consciously jazzy yellow or red.

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Plaster protects and embellishes

Plaster is constructed from several layers. A substrate, often with an embedded reinforcement fabric, ensures the stability of the entire covering. The actual finishing plaster, as a weatherproof layer, is then added onto this. This is basically a “thicker” paint, which contains solid particles such as sand, marble gravel and plastic particles. The finishing plaster protects the masonry or a composite thermal insulation system against environmental influences. The whole is given individuality and structure through the plaster surface design. Here are some examples:

Plaster + colour + structure

Many plasters are available as ready-made coloured products. Another possibility for design would be to structure the coloured or white plaster. The possibilities are endless. Here are some examples:

  • Grater plaster
    Grater plaster is available in both mineral and paste form. It contains round grain additives. Through these round grains, a typical structure dependent on the rubbing direction is generated on rubbing the surfaces with a float. Grater plasters are available as interior and exterior plasters.
  • Grooved plaster, rough-cast plaster
    The Munich rough-cast plaster is a classic amongst the finishing plasters. We also call it grooved plaster. This is a thin layer of plaster which is only applied at grain thickness. By rubbing it with a plastic float, structures are created. The grains rubbed against the substrate produce the characteristic grooves.
  • Fine-finish plaster
    Fine-finish plaster is similar to grooved plaster, but differs in having a much finer structure. After being applied, the grains are freed of bonding agents and colour pigments using a sponge rubber, thus revealing them. Using a sponge-board creates a coarser structure.
  • Skip trowel plaster
    This technique is conducted by throwing plaster onto the surface using a trowel. The structure thus created is retained. If the structure is densified somewhat after the plaster has been thrown on, we speak of knock down plaster.
  • Modelling plaster
    Modelling plaster is characterised by its particularly flexible properties. After application onto the wall surface, for example, it is worked to form a particular structure using a roller, trowel or another tool.
  • Sgraffito
    Sgraffito plasters are exclusively produced using mineral bonding agents made of lime or cement. After a certain hardening time, the bonding agent and tensioned surface is scratched off again to a certain thickness using a nailed board. The typical surface structure results from the projecting round or broken grain.
  • Mosaic plaster, coloured render
    Natural colour marble grains, dyed quartz grains or ground gravel of varying colours create a particularly decorative multi-coloured effect which can be further emphasised through the addition of glitter. Coloured renders are robust and can be washed down, and are often applied on staircase walls. They are available for interiors and exteriors.

Grater plaster

Grater plaster is available in both mineral and paste form. It contains round grain additives. Through these round grains, a typical structure dependent on the rubbing direction is generated on rubbing the surfaces with a float. Grater plasters are available as interior and exterior plasters.

Grooved plaster, rough-cast plaster

The Munich rough-cast plaster is a classic amongst the finishing plasters. We also call it grooved plaster. This is a thin layer of plaster which is only applied at grain thickness. By rubbing it with a plastic float, structures are created. The grains rubbed against the substrate produce the characteristic grooves.

Fine-finish plaster

Fine-finish plaster is similar to grooved plaster, but differs in having a much finer structure. After being applied, the grains are freed of bonding agents and colour pigments using a sponge rubber, thus revealing them. Using a sponge-board creates a coarser structure.

Skip trowel plaster

This technique is conducted by throwing plaster onto the surface using a trowel. The structure thus created is retained. If the structure is densified somewhat after the plaster has been thrown on, we speak of knock down plaster.

Modelling plaster

Modelling plaster is characterised by its particularly flexible properties. After application onto the wall surface, for example, it is worked to form a particular structure using a roller, trowel or another tool.

Sgraffito

Sgraffito plasters are exclusively produced using mineral bonding agents made of lime or cement. After a certain hardening time, the bonding agent and tensioned surface is scratched off again to a certain thickness using a nailed board. The typical surface structure results from the projecting round or broken grain.

Mosaic plaster, coloured render

Natural colour marble grains, dyed quartz grains or ground gravel of varying colours create a particularly decorative multi-coloured effect which can be further emphasised through the addition of glitter. Coloured renders are robust and can be washed down, and are often applied on staircase walls. They are available for interiors and exteriors.

New plasters with self-cleaning properties

Through the use of nanotechnology, plasters have been developed which are able to protect your façade surface against dirt. The surface of such plasters are slightly electrically charged, and are microscopically smooth, meaning that dirt particles can hardly stick to them. A special formula also permits self-cleaning of the façade surface: the sun’s rays, rain, wind and temperature fluctuations permit adhering dirt particles to simply weather off – and loosen themselves from the façade.

Colour intensity plus elasticity

Artificial resin plasters are pure finishing plasters. They do not contain mineral, but rather organic bonding agents; so-called artificial resins, which melt into each other as soon as the mixing water has evaporated. Due to their high pigment density, artificial resin plasters feature intensive colouration and look very impressive. Their high elasticity also makes them highly robust against crack formation.

Preventing algae and fungi

Microorganisms such as algae and fungi can inhabit moist facades. Vapour-diffusing mineral finishing plasters which temporarily adsorb the dew moisture and continuously emit it outwards can help to protect against these microorganisms. An innovative binding agent combination simultaneously protects against efflorescence and the growth of algae or fungi. These plasters are available in many different colours.

You decide on the colour: façade colours

Those wishing to design their façade in colour can select from thousands of colour shades. A colour-animation of your home conducted by a EUROBAUSTOFF specialist trader will assist you in finding the right colour shade for your façade. Make sure that you combine harmonising colours to guarantee style and mood. For example: the clever combination of light and dark makes exterior walls look interesting and full of vitality. Light colour shades look bright, open and free. Dark shades on the building structure mediate clarity and character. You can also consider the possibility of picking out architectural details such as the second storey, gables, bay windows or balconies in colour.